Augusta Health Hospital and Clinics

PROHIBITED ABBREVIATIONS


Approved Abbreviations List (Revised on: )

( A ) ( B ) ( C ) ( D ) ( E )
( F ) ( G ) ( H ) ( I ) ( J )
( K ) ( L ) ( M ) ( N ) ( O )
( P ) ( Q ) ( R ) ( S ) ( T )
( U ) ( V ) ( W ) ( X ) ( Y )
( Z ) Symbols

Revised on:

( Symbols )
approximately
@ at
B bilateral
L left
M murmur
Ø nothing or none
R right
with
without
p past; after
x except
check, checked
check with
systolic blood pressure
diastolic blood pressure
? question of; questionable
Rx prescription
# lbs
degree
' feet
" inches
: ratio; is to
1:1- one to one level of monitoring
/ per
+ positive, and
- negative
½ one half
increased; increasing
decreased; decreasing
Female
Male
> greater than
< less than
combined with
diopter (prism); delta (difference between change increment)
anterior chamber angle 24
1 one
2 two
3 three
4 four
5 five
6 six
7 seven
8 eight
9 nine
0 zero
. decimal (Never use trailing zero(1.0mg) or leading decimal (.1mg))
( A )
A assessment
A2 aortic second sound
aa amino acid
AAL anterior axillary line
Ab abortion
A B air greater than bone
ABC airway/breathing/circulatory
Abd abduction
ABD abdomen
ABG arterial blood gas
ABGN arterial blood gas (neonatal)
abn abnormal
ABR audiometric brainstem response
Abx antibiotic
A/C assist/control
ac before meals
AC/A accommodative convergence/accommodation
accom accommodation
accuck Accu check
ACDF anterior cervical discectomy and fusion
Aceta Acetaminophen
Acetamnophn Acetaminophen
acid P'tase acid phosphatase
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
ACT activated coagulation time
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
AD right ear
ADA# American Diabetic Association calorie levels
ad lib at pleasure, at discretion
ADD adduction
Add attention deficit disorder
ADL activities of daily living
adm admission
AFB acid-fast bacilli
AFIB atrial fibrillation
AFP alpha-feto protein
AFV amniotic fluid volume
A/G albumin globulin ratio
AGA appropriate for gestational age
AGN acute glomerulonephritis
AHG anti-hemophilic globulin
AHP anomalous head position
AI aortic insufficiency
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AJ ankle jerk
AK above knee
AKA above knee amputation
A&O alert and oriented
alb albumin
A-Line arterial line
Alk. P'tase alkaline phosphatase
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
ALT argon laser trabeculoplasty
AM morning
AMA against medical advice
AMB ambulatory
Amika Amikacin
Amika Amikacin
AML acute myelogenous leukemia
amnio amniocentesis
amp ampule
Amp Amphetamine
Amp Amphetamine
amps amplitudes
amt amount
amyl amylase
ANA anti-nuclear antibody
AND Allow Natural Death
ANT anterior
ante before
AO aorta
AODM adult onset diabetes mellitus
AOM acute otitis media
A-P anteroposterior
A&P auscultation and percussion
APB atrial premature beat
APD Augusta Police Department
A-PD anteroposterior diameter
APKD adult polycystic kidney disease
app apparent
AR aortic regurgitation
ARC AIDS related complex
arc acute retinal correspondence
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute renal failure
ARMD age related macular degeneration
Arom artificial rupture of membranes
AROM active range of motion
AS left ear
ASAB antisperm antibodies
ASCAD arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease
ASCVD arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASD atrial septal defect
ASH asymmetrical septal hypertrophy
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
asp aspiration
AST aspartate aminotransferase
ASU Ambulatory Surgery Unit
ATN acute tubular necrosis
ATS antithymocyte serum
AU both ears
A-V arteriovenous
A/V auditory visual
AV atrioventricular
AV nicking arteriovenous nicking (fundi)
AVM arteriovenous malformation
AVB atrioventricular block (when followed by 1, 2, 3, will be read as first, second, or third degree)
AVN avascular necrosis
AVR aortic valve replacement
AVRT atrio ventricular nodal reentry tachycardia

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( B )
B bacillus
B A bone > air
BACT bacterium
BAL bronchial alveolar lavage
Barb Barbiturate
Barb Barbiturate
baso basophile
BB Brown-Burger cystoscope
BBFP blood-body fluids precautions
BBS Bilateral Breath Sounds
​BBSCTA ​bilateral breath sounds clear to auscultation
BBT basal body temperature
BC bone conduction
BCE basal cell epithelium
BCG bacillus calmette guerin (vaccine)
BDE bile duct exploration
BDR background diabetic retinopathy
BEE basal energy expenditure
Benz Benzodiazepine
Benz Benzodiazepine
BF black female
BFP biological false positive
BID twice a day, two times a day
bili
BIS
bilirubin
Bispectral index
bisp bispinous
BK below knee
BKA below knee amputation
bl. cult blood culture
BLOC brief loss of consciousness
b.m. bowel movement
BM black male
BMP basic metabolic panel (electrolytes)
BMR basal metabolic rate
BMT bone marrow transplant
BOM bilateral otitis media
BOO bladder outlet obstruction
BOOP bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia
BOP blood, ova, and parasites
BP blood pressure
bPd biparietal diameter
BPD bronchopulmonary dysplasia
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
BPP biophysical profile
BR breech
BRB bright red blood
BRP bathroom privileges
br. sounds breath sounds
BS bowel sounds
BSD bedside drainage
BSER brainstem auditory evoked response
BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
BSP bromsulphalein test
BSSRO bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy
BTBV beat-to-beat variability
BTL bilateral tubal ligation
BTU British thermal unit
BUN blood urea nitrogen
BUS Bartholin's, urethral, and Skene's glands
BW birth weight
BX biopsy

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( C )
C centigrade
C&S culture and sensitivity
C.S.T. contraction stress test
C/O complains of
c/w consistent with
C1, C2, C3.. cervical vertebrae
CA carcinoma, cancer
Ca calcium
Ca++ ionized calcium
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
CAM ICU
coronary artery disease
Confusion Assessment Method for ICU
CAM ICU Confusion Assessment Method for ICU
CAP capsule
CAP cancer of the prostate
CAP community acquired pneumonia
CAPD chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
Carbam Carbamezapine
Carbam Lvl
CASS
Carbamezapine
Continuous Aspiration of Subglottic secretions
CASS Continuous Aspiration of Subglottic secretions
CAT computerized axial tomography
cath
CAUTI
catheter
Catheter Associated Urinary Track Infection
CAUTI Catheter Associated Urinary Track Infection
CAVH chronic arteriovenous hemodialysis
CBC complete blood count
CBD common bile duct
CC chief complaint
cc cubic centimeter
CCOF chromosomally competent ovarian failure
CCPD continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
CCU Coronary Care Unit
CDH congenital dislocation of hip
CDI Cottrell Dubousset instrumentation
ceph cephalic
CF cystic fibrosis
CGN chronic glomerulonephritis
CHD congestive heart disease
CHF congestive heart failure
CHI closed head injury
CHO
carbohydrate
Chol Cholesterol
chol cholesterol
chol. est. cholesterol esters
Cholest Cholesterol
chr. chronic
CI cephalic index
CI chloride
CIN cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia
CIOF chromosomally incompetent ovarian failure
CIS carcinoma in-situ
CLDY cloudy
​CLABSI ​Con
CLDY cloudy
CLE continuous lumbar epidural
CLT chronic lymphous thyroiditis
CM continuous murmur
cm centimeter
CME cystoid macula edema
CMP cardiomyopathy
CMT Charcot-Marie-Tooth
CMV cytomegalovirus
CN cranial nerve
CNS central nervous system
CO2 carbon dioxide
Coc Cocaine
Cocn Cocaine
COD cause of death
COM chronic otitis media
cong. congenital
cont. continued
Conv. convergence
COOX cooximetry
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
cor pulm. cor pulmonale
CP chest pain
CPA carotid phonoangiography
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPB cardiopulmonary bypass
CPC Chest Pain Center
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPM continuous passive movement
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CR closed reduction
CRAO central retinal artery occlusion
CRF chronic renal failure
CRI chronic renal insufficiency
CRL crown rump length
CRP c-reactive protein
C-Section Cesarean section
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CSOM chronic serous otitis media
CSR central serous retinopathy
CT chest tube
​CTAB ​clear to ausultation bilaterally
Cu copper
CVA cerebrovascular accident
cva costovertebral angle
CVD cardiovascular disease
CVP central venous pressure
CVS cardiovascular system
Cx cervix
CXR chest x-ray
Cyclo Cyclosporine
Cyclo Lvl Cyclosporine

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( D )
D diopter (lens power)
D1, D2, D3 dorsal vertebrae
​D5W ​Dextrose 5% in Water
D&C dilation and curettage
DC diagonal conjugate
DCR dacryocystorhinostomy
D/C discontinue
DDAVP Desomino/D/Arganinenasopossin (synthetic hormone-blood clotting)
DDEAMC Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center
DDS doctor of dental surgery
decr. decreased
DERM dermatology
DERM Dermatophyte Screen
Derm Screen Dermatophyte Screen
dev. deviation
DFP dipropylfluorphosphate
DI diabetes insipidus
diag. diagnosis
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulopathy
diff. differential
d/l dislocation
DIP distal interphalangeal joint
disch. discharge
DISP. dispense
div. divergence
DIVP drip intravenous pyelogram
DISH Syndrome disseminated idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
DJD degenerative joint disease
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
D.M. diabetes mellitus
DM diastolic murmur
DMD doctor of medical dentistry
DMG Depression Management Group
DO doctor of osteopathy
DOA dead on arrival
DOB date of birth
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DOF,
D/C OF
discharge order form
DOL day of life
DPC delayed primary closure
DPL diagnostic peritoneal lavage
dsg dressing
DS Dextro stick
DST dexamethasone suppression test
DT's delirium tremens
DTaP diphtheria-tenanus toxiods-acellular pertussis vaccine
DTR deep tendon reflexes
DTU diagnostic treatment unit
DU duodenal ulcer
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
DVD dissociated vertical deviation
DVR Department of Vocational Rehabilitation
DVT deep venous thrombosis
D5RL dextrose in 5% Ringer's lactate
DX diagnosis

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( E )
E' esophoria (for distance)
ET' esotropia (for near)
E (T) intermittent esotropia
EBL estimated blood loss
EBV Epstein-Barr virus
ECCE extracapsular cataract extraction
ECG electrocardiogram
ECHO ultrasound cardiogram
ECHO Virus entero/cytopathogenic human orphan virus
ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
ED Emergency Department
EDC estimated date of confinement
EDM early diastolic murmur
EEG electroencephalogram
EENT ears, eyes, nose, and throat
EFW estimated fetal weight
e.g. for example
EGA estimated gestational age
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EID emergency infusion device
EKG electrocardiogram
Elix. elixir
EM ejection murmur
EMD electro-mechanical dissociation
EMG electromyogram
EMT emergency medical technician
EMT-P emergency medical technician - paramedic
ENT ears, nose, and throat
EOA external obturator airway
EOG electro-oculogram
EOM extraocular movement or muscle
eos. eosinophil
epith. epithelium or epithelial
EPP erythropoietic protoporphyria
EPS electrophysiologic study
E.R. Emergency Room
ER external rotation
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography
ERG electroretinogram
ERP endoscopic retrograde pancreatography
ERS endoscopic retrograde sphincterotomy
ES Emergency Services
esp especially
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD end stage renal disease
ess. essential
EST exercise stress test
ESWL electro soundwave lithotripsy
ETA estimated time of arrival
ET Tube endotracheal tube
etiol. etiology
ETOH ethanol (alcohol)
EUA examination under anesthesia
EUS Endoscopic ultra sound
expir. Expiration or expiratory
ext. External

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( F )
f factor
F fahrenheit
F.B. foreign body
FBS fasting blood sugar
Fc Occ Bld Fecal Occult Blood
Fc Occult Blood Fecal Occult Blood
FCR flexor carpi radialis
FCR% fraction of cells remaining
FCU flexor carpi ulnaris
FDP flexor digitorum profundus
FDS flexor digitorum superficialis
Fe iron
FED flesh eating disease
FFP fresh frozen plasma
FH family history
FHR fetal heart rate
FHT fetal heart tone
FIO2 percent oxygen
FL femur length
FLD fluid
Flex SIG flexible sigmoidoscopy
fluoro fluoroscopy
FM Family Medicine
F N finger to nose
FNA Fine needle aspiration
FOB foot of bed
FPL flexor pollicis longus
FS Frozen Section
FSGS focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
FSP fibrin split products
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
FTA fluorescent treponemal antibody
FTA-ABS fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test
FTSG full thickness skin graft
FTT failure to thrive
FUO fever of undetermined origin
FVC false vocal cord
fx fracture

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( G )
G gravidity
g/DL or g/dL grams per deciliter
GAD generalized anxiety disorder
GB gallbladder
GBS group B Streptococcus
GB Vis gallbladder visualization
GC gonorrhea, gonococcal, gonococcus
GE gastroesophageal
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disorder
gen'l general
Genta Gentamycin
Genta Tr Gentamycin
GG gamma globulin
GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase
GH growth hormone
GI gastrointestinal
GIFT gamete intrafallopian transfer
glob globulin
GM% grams per one hundred milliliters of serum or blood as specified
GM gram
GN glomerulonephritis
GNR gram negative rods
GPC giant papillary conjunctivitis
G6PD glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase
grav. I primigravida
grav. II secundigravida
grav. III, etc. a woman of so many pregnancies
GRHA Georgia Regional Hospital Augusta
GSW gunshot wound
GTCS generalized tonic-clonic seizures
gt drop
GTN gestational trophoblastic neoplasia
gtt drops
GTT glucose tolerance test
GU genitourinary
GUT gamete uterine transfer
GWVNH Georgia War Veterans Nursing Home
GYN gynecology

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( H )
H hour
H/A headache
HbsAg hepatitis B surface antigen
HAF hyperalimentation fluid
HBSAG+ hepatitis surface antigen positive
HAL hyperalimentation
HBP high blood pressure
HC head circumference
hCG human chorionic gonadotrophin
HCT hematocrit
HCT Hematopoietic cell transplantation
HCVD hypertensive cardiovascular disease
HD hemodialysis
HDN hemolytic disease of the newborn
HEENT head, ears, eyes, nose and throat
HELLP hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets
Hem Onc Hematology/Oncology
Hep. Lock heparin lock
HepB Hepatitis B vaccine
HFpEF Heart Failure with preserved ejection fraction
HGB hemoglobin
HHC home health care
HI homicide ideation
Hib Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine
(HIB is on the approved list as Hemophilus influenza B)
HIB hemophilus influenza
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HJR hepatojugular reflex
HK heel to knee
HLA human leukocyte antigen
HLP hyperlipoproteinemia
HM hand motion
HMD hyaline membrane disease
HNCM hypertrophic nonobstructive cardiomyopathy
HNP herniated nucleus pulposus
H/O history of
H&H hemoglobin and hematocrit
H&P history and physical
HOB head of bed
HOCM hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
hPf per high powered field (used only in describing urine sediments)
HPC human progenitor cell
HPI history of present illness
HR heart rate
HS bedtime/hour of sleep
HSV herpes simplex virus
HT hypertropia
HTLV human T cell lymphotrophic virus
HTN hypertension
HTS heel to shin

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( I )
I131 radioactive iodine
IAN intern admission note
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
IBW ideal body weight
ICCE intracapsular cataract extraction
ICP intracranial pressure
ICS intercostal space
ICSC idiopathic central serous choroidopathy
ICU Intensive Care Unit
ID Infectious Disease
i.d. intradermal
I&D incision and drainage
IDA iron deficiency anemia
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
i.e. that is
IgA immunoglobulin A
IgD immunoglobulin D
IgE immunoglobulin E
IgG immunoglobulin G
IgM immunoglobulin M
IHSS idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
IJ internal jugular
IM intramuscular
IMF intermaxillary fixation
IMP impression
IMV intermittent mandatory ventilation
incr increasing or increased
INH inhalation, inhaler with drug name
INJ injection
inspir. inspiratory or inspiration
INT MED Internal Medicine
I&O intake and output
IO inferior oblique
IOP intraocular pressure
IPD intermittent peritoneal dialysis
IPKD
IPOC
infantile polycystic kidney disease
interdisciplinary plan of care
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
IPPPPR immediate progressive permissive painless physical rehabilitation
IPV inactivated polio vaccine
IQ intelligence quotient
IR internal rotation
IRRIG irrigation
IS incentive spirometer
ISS injury severity scale
IT intrathecal
ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
IUD intrauterine device
IUFD intrauterine fetal death
IUGR intrauterine growth retardation
IUI intrauterine insemination
IUP intrauterine pregnancy
IUT intrauterine transfusion
IV intravenously
IVF intravenous fluid
I.V.F. in-vitro fertilization
IVH intraventricular hemorrhage
IVP intravenous pyelogram
IVVD intravascular volume depletion

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( J )
Jet Neb jet nebulizations
JP Jackson-Pratt
JPB junctional (nodal) premature beat
JMS junior medical student
JVD jugular venous distention
JVP jugular venous pulse or pressure


( K )
K potassium
KCAL kilo calorie
KCL potassium chloride
Kg kilogram
KJ knee jerk
KP keratic precipitate
KUB kidney, ureter, bladder
K.U.F. kidney ultrafiltration factor
KVO keep vein open


( L )
L left
L1, L2, etc. lumbar vertebrae, first, second, etc.
lab Laboratory
LAC long-arm cast
lac laceration
LADD left anterior descending diagnonal (branch of coronary artery)
LAE left atrial enlargement
LAH left atrial hypertrophy
LAHB left anterior hemiblock
LAO left anterior oblique
lat lateral
lb pound
LBBB left bundle branch block
LBCD left border cardiac dullness
LBP lower back pain
LCM left cardiac margin
L&D Labor and Delivery
LD licensed dietitian
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
LDM late diastolic murmur
LE lower extremity
LE Prep lupus erythematosus preparation
LES Lower esophageal sphincter
LFP left fronto posterior (fetal presentation)
LFT liver function test
LG left gaze
LGA large for gestational age
LGI lower gastrointestinal
LGL Lown-Ganong-Levine syndrome
LGV lymphogranuloma venereum
LH left hyperphoria
LHT left hypertrophic
LIH left inguinal hernia
lip lipase
LIQ liquid
LIO left inferior oblique
LL lower lid
LLC long-leg cast
LLE left lower extremity
LLL left lower lobe (lung)
LLQ left lower quadrant (abdomen)
LLSB left lower sternal border
LMA left mentoanterior (fetal presentation)
LMD local medical doctor
LMN lower motor neuron
LMP last menstrual period
LMT left mentotransverse (fetal presentation)
LNMP last normal menstrual period
LOA left occiput anterior (fetal presentation)
loa leave of absence
LOC loss of consciousness
LOP left occiput posterior (fetal presentation)
LOS length of stay
LOT left occiput transverse (fetal presentation)
LP light perception
LMP lumbar puncture
LPN licensed practical nurse
LR lactated Ringers (injection)
LR lateral rectus
L-S lumbosacral
LSB left sternal border
L.S.K. liver, spleen, and kidneys
LSO left superior oblique
LSVG left saphenous vein graft
LUE left upper extremity
LUL left upper lobe (lung)
LUQ left upper quadrant (abdomen)
LV left ventricle
LVE left ventricular enlargement
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
Lvl level
LWBS left without being seen
L&W living and well
LXABID1 Luminex Antibody Identification-first specificity
LXABIDI Antibody identification using Luminex Class I
lymph lymphocyte
lymphs lymphocytes
Lytes Electrolytes

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( M )
MAC mid arm circumference
Malb Microalbumin
Malb Microalbumin
MAMC mid arm muscle circumference
MAP mean arterial pressure
MAST military anti-shock trousers
MAT multi-focal atrial tachycardia
Mcg microgram
Mdon Methadone
Mdone Methadone
MCG H&C Medical College of Georgia Hospital and Clinics
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCL microliters
MCNS minimal change nephrotic syndrome
MCP metacarpophalangeal joint
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MD medical doctor
MDE major depressive episode
MDM mid diastolic murmur
MDI
MDRO
metered dose inhaler
Multiple Drug Resistant Organism
MED medicine
MEN multiple endocrineoplasia
MEQ/L milliequivalent per liter
Met metabolic
Mg magnesium
MG milligrams
mg/DL milligrams per deciliter
MH medical history
MI myocardial infarction
MIC Maternity and Infant Care Project 506
mL milliliter or milliliters
MLE midline episiotomy
M-Mode Time Axis Ultrasound
mm millimeter
MMPI Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MMR measles-mumps-rubella vaccine
mono monocyte
MPJ metacarpophalangeal joint
MPGN membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
MR mental retardation
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRN Medical Record Number
MRSA methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
MS multiple sclerosis
ms mitral stenosis
MSAFP maternal serum alpha fetoprotein
MSE mental status exam
MSL midsternal line
MSOF multi-system organ failure
M&T myringotomy with tubes
MTOM myringotomy and tympanotomy otitis media
MTP metatarsophalangeal joint
Mtrex Methotrexate
Mtrex Lvl Methotrexate
MUGA multiple gaited acquisition
MVA motor vehicle accident
MVP mitral valve prolapse
MVR mitral valve replacement
McC McCarthy panendoscope

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( N )
NV near vision
Na sodium
NaCl sodium chloride
NAD no acute distress
NC nasal cannula
NCJ needle catheter jejunostomy
NCLF neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis
ND naso-duodenal feeding tube route
NEC necrotizing enterocolitis
neg negative
NER no evidence of recurrence
NEURO Neurology
Neut Neutralization
Neutraliz Neutralization
NG per nasal gastric tube
NGT nasogastric tube
NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
NLP no light perception
NLSO nasolacrimal system obstruction
NMR nuclear magnetic resonance
NND neonatal death
noct. nocturnal
NOS not otherwise specified
NPA near-point of accommodation
NPCPAP nasopharyngeal continuous positive airway pressure
NPH neutral protamine hagedorn (insulin)
NPN nonprotein nitrogen
NPO nothing by mouth
NRC normal retinal correspondence
N.S. normal saline
Ns Neurosurgery
NSAID nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs
nsg Nursing
NSR normal sinus rhythm
NST non-stress test
NSVD normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
NT nasotracheal
N&V nausea and vomiting
NVD nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
NVERP normal variant early repolarization probable


( O )
O objective
O2 oxygen
O2 cap. oxygen capacity
O2 sat. oxygen saturation
OB Obstetrics
OBS organic brain syndrome
OC obstetrical conjugate
occ occasional
OCG oral cholecystogram
OD right eye
OFD occipitofrontal diameter
OG per oral gastric tube
OGTT oral glucose tolerance test
OHD organic heart disease
OINT ointment
OM otitis media
ON optic nerve
OOB out of bed
OOC out of cast
OOP out of plaster
OOS out of stock
O&P ova and parasites
OP operation
OPD Outpatient Department
OPG oculoplethysmography
OPHTH ophthalmic
OR Operating Room
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
ORTHO Orthopedics
OS left eye
OT Occupational Therapy
OU both eyes
o/w otherwise
Oz ounce

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( P )
P after
P2 pulmonic second sound
P&A percussion and auscultation
P&C prism and cover
PA posteroanterior
P.A. physician's assistant
P.A.-C physician's assistant - certified
PAC premature atrial contraction
PACU Post Anesthesia Care Unit
PAL posterior axillary line
PAP Papanicolaou's smear
PAPVR partial anomalous pulmonary venous return
Para 1, 2, etc. primipara, secundipara, indicating a woman of so many children
Paracent. paracentesis
PARS post anesthesia recovery score
PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
Path Pathology
PBI protein bound iodine
PBSC peripheral blood stem cells
PC after meals; postprandial
PCA patient controlled analgesia
Pcard Pericardial Fluid
PCF Pericardial Fluid
PC-IOL post-chamber intraocular lens implant
PCKD polycystic kidney disease
PCM protein calorie malnutrition
PCV packed cell volume
PCV7 Pneumococcal vaccine, conjugate 7 (PCV is packed cell volume, but the "7" means not a duplicate)
PCWP pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PD pupillary distance
PDA patent ductus arteriosus
P.E. physical examination
PEA pulseless electrical activity
PEARLA pupils equal and reactive to light and accommodation
PED Pediatrics
PEEP positive end expiratory pressure
PEG percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PEJ percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy
Per through or by
PFO patent foramen ovale
PFT pulmonary function test
PG Phophatidylglycerol
PG Phosphatidylglycerol
PH past history
pH hydrogen ion concentration
Pheno Phenobarb
Pheno Lvl Phenobarb
PHPV persistent hyperplasia of primary vitreous
PI present illness
PICC peripherally inserted central line
PICU Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
PI peripheral iridectomy
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PIE pulmonary interstitial emphysema
PIH pregnancy induced hypertension
PIP proximal interphalangeal joint
PKD polycystic kidney disease
PKU phenylketonuria
Pleu Pleural Fluid
PLF Pleural Fluid
PLIF posterior lumbar interbody fusion
PM afternoon
PMD private medical doctor
PMH past medical history
PMI point of maximal impulse
PMP previous menstrual period
PMR Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PNET primitive neuroectodermal tumor
p.n.d. post nasal drip
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
PO by mouth
POA power of attorney
POD post-operative day
POHS presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome
Polio poliomyelitis
polys polymorphonuclear neutrophils
Poplit. popliteal
pos position
Post after
Post-op post operative
Post.Sag.D. posterior sagittal diameter
PPBS postprandial blood sugar
PP postpartum
PPD postpartum day
PPG Physicians' Practice Group
PPI proton pump inhibitor
PPS peripheral pulmonic stenosis
PR per rectum
PRBC packed red blood cells
PRE progressive resistive exercise
Preop preoperative
Preg. pregnancy
Prep. prepare for
PRN as necessary
Prob probable
PROM premature rupture of membranes
Prom passive range of motion
Prot. protein
Prothro.cont. prothrombin content
PS pulmonary stenosis
PSA prostatic specific antigen
PSMF protein sparing modified fast
PSP phenolsulfonphthalein
PSYCH Psychiatry
PT Physical Therapy
PT prothrombin time
Pt. patient
PTA prior to arrival
PTB patellar tendon bearing
PTC percutaneous transhepatic cannulation
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTH parathyroid hormone
Ptn Phenytoin
Ptn Lvl Phenytoin
PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder
PTT partial thromboplastin time
PUD peptic ulcer disease
PUV posterior urethral valves
PVC premature ventricular contractions
PVD peripheral vascular disease
PX prognosis

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( Q )
q every
q2h, q3h, etc. every 2 hours, every 3 hours, etc.
qAM every morning
qh every hour
qHS at bedtime
QID four times a day
qn every night
QNS quantity not sufficient
Qnt Quantitative
qon every other night
​qPM ​Every evening
QS quantity sufficient
qt quart
Quant Quantitative
quant. quantity or quantitative


( R )
R respiration
r roentgens (quantity)
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RAD right axis deviation
RAE right atrial enlargement
RAH right atrial hypertrophy
RAIU radioactive iodine uptake
RAN resident's admit note
RAO right anterior oblique
RAPD
RASS
relative afferent pupillary defect
Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale
RBBB right bundle branch block
RBC red blood cell
RBCD right border of cardiac dullness
RBON retrobulbar optic neuritis
RBP retinol binding protein
RCA right coronary artery
RCHD Richmond County Health Department
RCM right costal margin
RCSD Richmond County Sheriff's Department
R.D. registered dietitian
RD retinal detachment
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
Ref DOC referring doctor
REM rapid eye movement
res resolution
res resolution
Resp. respirations
RF rheumatoid factor
RFA right fronto anterior (fetal presentation)
RFP right fronto posterior (fetal presentation)
RFT right fronto transverse (fetal presentation)
RGP retrograde pyelogram
RH right hyperphoria
RhF Rhesus blood factor
RHD rheumatic heart disease
RHT right hypertropia
RIH right inguinal hernia
RIND reversible ischemic neurological deficit
RIO right inferior oblique
RL Ringer's lactate
RLD related living donor
RLE right lower extremity
RLF retrolental fibroplasia
RLL right lower lobe (lung)
RLQ right lower quadrant
RLSB right lower sternal border
RMA right mentoanterior (fetal presentation)
RML right middle lobe (lung)
RMP right mentoposterior (fetal presentation)
RMT right mentotransverse (fetal presentation)
RN registered nurse
R/O rule out
ROA right occiput anterior (fetal presentation)
ROM range of motion
ROP right occiput posterior (fetal presentation)
ROS review of systems
ROT right occiput transverse (fetal presentation)
RP retinopathy of prematurity
RPR rapid plasma reagent
RR recovery room
RR respiratory rate
RRR regular rhythm and rate
RSD reflex sympathetic dystrophy
RSO right superior oblique
RSR regular sinus rhythm
RSV respiratory syncytial virus
RT respiratory therapist
R/T related to
RTA renal tubular acidosis
RTC return to clinic
RUE right upper extremity
RUL right upper lobe
RUQ right upper quadrant
RV right ventricle
RVE right ventricular enlargement
RVH right ventricular hypertrophy
RX prescription

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( S )
S subjective
SA sustained action
S1 and S2 first and second heart sounds
S3 and S4 heart sounds (physiological)
S3G and S4G cardiac gallop sounds
S&A sugar and acetone
SA ECG signal averaged electrocardiogram
SAS sleep apnea syndrome
SB scleral buckle
SBE subacute bacterial endocarditis
SBFT small bowel follow through
SBO small bowel obstruction
SBS short bowel syndrome
SC subcutaneous
SCC sickle cell crisis
SCCa squamous cell carcinoma
SCD?
SCD?
sickle cell disease
Sequential Compression Device
SCFE slipped capital femoral epiphysis
Scr Screen
SCR serum creatinine rheumatoid
Scrn Screen
SCUF slow continuous ultrafiltration
SDH subdural hematoma
Se selenium
sed. rate sedimentation rate (erythrocytes)
SEM systolic ejection murmur
SFNVM subfoveal neovascular membrane
SG Swan Ganz catheter
SGA small for gestational age
SGOT serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
SGPT serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
SH social history
SID sudden infant death
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SI Joint sacroiliac joint
SIADH syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone
SIG directions for use; let it be labeled
SIMV synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation
SI/SI suicidal ideation/suicide intent
SL sublingual
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SLED sustained low-efficiency dialysis  or slow extended dialysis
SLEDHF slow low efficient dialysis with hemofiltration
SLR straight leg raising
SLWC short leg walking cast
SM systolic murmur
SMA (1-12) sequential multichannel autoanalyzer
SMA Syndrome superior mesenteric artery syndrome
SMD senile macular degeneration
S&O salpingectomy and oophorectomy
S/O significant other
SOB shortness of breath
sol solution
SOM serous otitis media
S/P status post
SP&C simultaneous prism and cover
SPAG small particle aerosol generator
SPCC systemic pulmonary collateral circulation
Sp. Gr. specific gravity
spec. specimen
SPECT Single photon emission computerized tomography
SQ. subcutaneously
SR superior rectus
SRNVM subretinal neovascular membrane
SROM spontaneous rupture of membranes
S/S signs/symptoms
SSE soapsuds enema
ST sinus tachycardia
Staph. staphylococcus
STAT immediately, at once
STD sexually transmitted disease
Stillb. stillbirth
Strep. streptococcus
STSG split thickness skin graft
STU shock trauma unit
subling. sublingual (under the tongue)
SUPP suppository
Surg surgery, surgical
susp suspension
SVC superior vena cava
SVD spontaneous vaginal delivery
SVT supraventricular tachycardia
SWD short wave diathermy
SX. symptoms
Sympath. sympathetic

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( T )
t, tsp. teaspoon
T, tbs. tablespoon
T1, T2, T3, etc. thoracic vertebrae
T3 triiodothyronine
T4 thyroxine
T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TA tricuspid area
TAB tablet
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
Tapp applanation tonometry
TAPVR total anomalous pulmonary venous return
TB tuberculosis
TBG thyroxine-binding globulin
TBP thyroxine-binding protein
TBPA thyroxine-binding prealbumin
TBSA total body surface area
TCC
TCD
transitional carcinoma
Trans cranial Doppler
TD Tetanus-diphtheria
TDI therapeutic donor insemination
temp. temperature
TEN toxic epidermal necrolysis
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TFT thyroid function test
TG triglycerides
THC tetrahydrocannabinol
THF Thoracic Fluid
Thor Thoracic Fluid
THR total hip replacement
TIA transient ischemic attacks
TIBC total iron binding capacity
tic diverticulosis
TID three times a day
TJR total joint replacement
TKO to keep open
TKR total knee replacement
TLC triple lumen catheter
tlc thin layer chromatography
TM tympanic membrane
TMJ temporomandibular joint
TMP transmembrane pressure
TMST treadmill stress test
TO telephone order
TOA tubo-ovarian abscess
tol tolerated
TNF tumor necrosis factor
TNPM transient neonatal pustular melanosis
TPA treatment prior to arrival
TPI trigger point injection
TPN total parenteral nutrition
TPR temperature, pulse, and respiration
TR tricuspid regurgitation
Tran. transverse
Trans.D. transverse diameter
TS Schiotz's tonometry
TSF triceps skin fold
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
TTNB transient tachypnea of newborn
TTP thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
TUR transurethral resection
TURBT transurethral resection of bladder tumor
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
TV tidal volume
TVC true vocal cord
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
TX treatment


( U )
UNITS units and international units
UA umbilical artery
U/A urinalysis
UAC umbilical artery catheter
UBW usual body weight
UCD usual childhood diseases
UE upper extremity
UES upper esophageal sphincter
U.F. ultrafiltration
UGH uveitis, glaucoma, hyphema syndrome
UGI upper gastrointestinal
UL upper lid
UMN upper motor neuron
ung ointment
UOP urinary output
UP ureteropelvic
UPJ ureteropelvic junction
UR urine, random urine
URI upper respiratory infection
Urol. urology
URT upper respiratory tract
USN ultra sonic nebulizer
U/S ultrasound
Ut uterine or uterus
UTI urinary tract infection
U24 24-hour urine collection

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( V )

VA Visual Acuity
VA-c Visual Acuity with Correction
VA-s Visual Acuity without Correction
VAG
VAP
Vaginal, vagina
Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
VAS. Vascular
VBAC Vaginal Birth After Cesarean
VCG Vectorcardiogram
VD Venereal Disease
VDRL Venereal Disease Research Laboratory
Vent. Ventilator / Ventilation
VF Visual Field
Vit. Vitamin
(should be followed by a specific letter)
VC Vital Capacity
viz. Visualization
VKH Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome
VL  viral load
VLDL Very Low Density Lipoproteins
VM Venturi Mask
VMA Vanillylmandelic Acid
VO Verbal Order
VP Ventriculoperitoneal
VPB Ventricular Premature Beat
VPC Ventricular Premature Contraction
VQ Scan Pulmonary Perfusion Imaging Ventilation
VR Ventricular Ratio
VS Vital Signs
VSD Ventricular Septal Defect
VSS Vital Signs Stable
V. Tach. Ventricular Tachycardia
​VTE ​​Venous Thromboembolism
VTX Vertex


( W )
Wass. Wasserman
WBC White Blood Count
WBC's White Blood Cells
W/C Wheelchair
W to D Wet to Dry
WD Well Developed
WDW Working Dry Weight
WDWN Well-Developed, Well-Nourished
WESR Westergren Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
W&D Warm and Dry
WF white female
WM white male
WN well nourished
WNL within normal limits
WPW Wolff-Parkinson-White (syndrome)
wt weight


( X )
X times in conjunction with number
XLH X-linked hypophosphatemia
X-Match cross match
XRT external radiation therapy
XT exotropia
XT' exotropia near
XTl exotropia distance


( Y )
yo year old
Yr. year


( Z )
ZE Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
zift zygote infra fallopian transfer
ZMC zygomaticomaxillary complex
Zn zinc
ZPP zinc protoporphyrin

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Revised on: ​